Real time nanoplasmonic sensing for monitoring CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite formation in mesoporous TiO2 films

December 17, 2019

The formation of methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite into mesoporous titania (TiO2) scaffold via a sequential deposition method is known to offer high quality films for good photovoltaic device performance. The local kinetics at the lower interface between the mesoporous TiO2 film and the collecting electrode govern perovskite growth and formation. Here, we have used a NanoPlasmonic Sensing (NPS) approach with gold (Au) nanosensors to monitor the formation of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite at the lower interface of up to 650 nm mesoporous TiO2 films. This technique provides time-resolved spectral shifts of the localized surface plasmon resonance at different operating temperatures and methylammonium iodide (CH3NH3I3) concentrations by recording changes in the local vicinity of the Au nanosensors at the mesoporous TiO2 film interface. Analytical studies included ellipsometry, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The results show that both the intensity of the NPS response and NPS rate constants are correlated with the operating concentrations and temperatures of CH3NH3I3 as well as CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite growth in mesoporous TiO2.

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