Core-shell Gold Silver Nanoparticles for LSPR-Based Naked Eye Toxin Biosensing
The Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance (LSPR) phenomenon provides a versatile property for biodetection. Herein, this unique feature was employed to build up a homogeneous optical biosensor to detect staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) in solution down to very low levels by naked eye readout. If the initial position of the LSPR band is located in the cyan region, even a small red shift (~2 3 nm) induced by Refractive index (RI) change close to the surface of nanoparticles (NPs), could make the light absorp-tion transit from cyan to green and become visually detectable via a concomitant change in the complementary colors. In this work, we aimed at synthesizing two types of NPs based on compositionally complex core-shell NPs – Ag shell on AuNPs (Au@AgNPs) and Ag inside gold nanoshell (Ag@AuNPs). By controlling the thickness of the shells as well as their surface chemistry with anti-SEA antibody, the LSPR band was tuned to near 495 and 520 nm, for Ag@AuNPs and Au@AgNPs, respectively. The two parti-cle systems were subsequently applied as transducers to spectroscopically and visually detect anti-SEA antibody – SEA interac-tions. Upon addition of SEA large red shifts of the LSPR band were observed spectroscopically and the limits of detection (LOD) were estimated to 0.2 nM and 0.4 nM for the Au@AgNPs and Ag@AuNPs, respectively. Although the two sets of NPs gave almost identical LODs, the Ag@AuNPs whose initial position of the LSPR band was tuned in the cyan to green region (~500 nm) displayed a substantially more distinct color change from orange to red, as revealed by the by naked eye. We foresee significant potential to this strategy in medical diagnostic and environmental monitoring, especially when basic laboratory infrastructure is sparse or non-existent.
Published in: ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces
Authors: Alexis Loiseau, Lu Zhang, David Hu, Michele Salmain, Yacine Mazouzi, Raphaël Flack, Bo Liedberg and Souhir Boujday